Physical Education at Cowling Primary School

Subject Curriculum Lead: Emma Pease

 Intent: The School’s aims for Physical Education are:

  • Provides a broad, balanced and relevant curriculum that satisfies the needs of the current National Curriculum and provides pupils with appropriate challenge
  • Develops a whole school approach to physical development which takes pupils through progressive stages of learning, enabling them to fulfil their potential, develop competence and control in the gross and fine motor skills that pupils need to take part in PE and sport.
  • Ensure pupils have the opportunity to demonstrate that they know and understand how to apply their competence and make appropriate decisions for themselves by challenging pupils to select and use skills, tactics and compositional ideas
  • Provide pupils with opportunities to use imaginative ways to express and communicate ideas, solve problems and overcome challenges, both as individuals and as part of a team or group
  • Ensure pupils understand that PE and sport are an important part of a healthy, active lifestyle and understand the contribution physical activity has on having a healthy body and mind.
  • Develop pupils’ stamina, suppleness, strength and the mental capacity (determination and resilience) to keep going.
  • Develop an environment in which pupils have the confidence to get involved in PE and sport and are committed to make it a central part of their lives both in and out of school
  • Provide an out of school hours programme of activities which extends and enriches curriculum provision and provides opportunity for activities to enable pupils to make sufficient progress to access curriculum sessions with greater success
  • Provide opportunities for competition appropriate to the stage of the individual pupil’s development
  • Ensure that pupils enjoy PE and school sport and establish community links and pathways for pupils to engage in life-long participation
  • Provide links to other areas of the curriculum and wider school, county and national agendas

 Implementation: All pupils are entitled to a progressive and comprehensive physical education programme which embraces current Statutory Orders of the National Curriculum and takes into account individual interests and needs. The school provides all pupils with the entitlement of 2 hours high quality Physical Education a week. This it delivers through 2 lessons of 60 minutes duration. Pupils have access to a balanced curriculum programme of study. At key stage 2, swimming is taught by the Swimming Instructor with support from the staff. Information on progress and an assessment of attainment is provided by this person in consultation with the class teacher.

The Curriculum Map and scheme of work is centrally planned by the PE coordinator. The school follows a progressive scheme of work provided by Lancashire County Council (Passport to PE App) Lancashire units will be made available to all staff who teach them and they will be expected to evaluate these units, feeding back to the subject leader. This allows for curriculum review in relation to content, progression, continuity, teaching and learning. The organisation of PE in the school promotes learning through physical activities and sport. Lessons are blocked in units of work that are age appropriate and aim to promote physical skills and competency, a greater depth of understanding and application of these skills and the ability to perform reflectively. Children will be presented with opportunities to be creative, competitive, co-operative and to face challenges as individuals and in small groups or teams. The structure of the Lancashire developmental scheme of work will promote teaching and learning as it provides both continuity and progression. This scheme of work specifies progression of fundamental movement skills and sport specific skills, knowledge and understanding. The planning and delivery of each unit of work in the scheme will be adapted by the individual teachers to meet the learning needs of the children of their class. Lessons will be planned to provide appropriate challenge for all pupils, to extend more able and provide appropriate levels of support in order for all pupils to make progress.  Children will be assessed on the key skills using the App.

Impact: The successful approach at Cowling Community Primary School results in children taking part in fun, engaging, high-quality Physical Education which aims to improve the wellbeing and fitness of all children, not only through the skills taught, but through the underpinning values and disciplines PE promotes. Our children regularly qualify for sporting events at inter-school level.  Within our lessons, children are taught about self-discipline and that to be successful you need to take ownership and responsibility of your own health and fitness. Children learn the possibilities for careers in Physical Education and we regularly aim to introduce pupils to these possibilities with visits from professionals in the sporting world, as a result of our community links and connections with outside agencies.  Our impact is therefore to motivate children to utilise these underpinning skills in an independent and effective way in order to live happy and healthy lives.

What does PE look like in EYFS? Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food. In our school, PE is semi-structured in the first half of the year, in smaller groups, with 3 sessions per week aimed at physical development as a discrete PE session. These are approximately 45 mins in duration and are aimed at achieving a good level of development and the Early Learning Goals. In the second half of the year, they work in bigger groups in a more structured approach for 1 hour a week followed by continuous provision where they can independently practise gross and fine motor skills daily. Opportunities for physical development are accessible in provision throughout the week, for children to develop taught skills independently.

SEND in PE: Physical education in the school will comply with the three basic principles for inclusion in that it will:

  • Set suitable learning challenges
  • Respond to pupils’ diverse learning needs
  • Strive to overcome potential barriers to learning and assessment for individuals and groups of pupils

The action necessary to respond to an individual’s requirements for curriculum access will be met through adaptation of tasks and materials, consistent with school-based intervention as set out in the SEN Code of Practice. Some children may need specialist equipment and approaches augmented by advice and support from external specialists, or in exceptional circumstances, with a statement of special educational needs. Any classroom support provided must extend into physical education lessons as appropriate. Teachers and Adults Other Than Teachers (AOTTs) working with the children will be made aware of any pupils who have special educational needs or medical conditions. The SENCO will liaise with all staff to ensure all pupils needs are met in relation to teaching and learning in PE. Planning for adaptations should be based on the S.T.E.P. principles i.e. making changes to SPACE, TASK/TIME, EQUIPMENT and PEOPLE taking account of:

  • The size of the area in which a pupil works, smaller spaces until pupils develop spatial awareness and control over themselves and equipment, larger spaces to challenge more able pupils
  • Pupil activity, e.g. different task, different roles and responsibilities, different allocations of time and variations of pace within the lesson to meet needs of different levels of ability.
  • Resources, e.g. different equipment for different levels of ability across the key stages.
  • Pupil groupings, e.g. ability or mixed ability groups; or group, paired or individual activities, the opportunity to work with adult support where needed.

 Enrichment of subject: The aims of the out of school hours learning programme are to extend and enrich the work being done during curriculum PE and to provide some pupils with opportunities to enable them to develop the skills they need to access curriculum PE. The programme will reinforce the importance of keeping physically active in order to lead a healthy lifestyle.  The school offers a range of lunch-time and after school activities. These are open to any pupil in the relevant year group. PE and sport premium funding is used to increase the range of opportunities available to pupils and in combination with Pupil Premium and SEN Funding to ensure any barriers to engagement / participation are removed. The PE subject leader will monitor uptake and report back via the PE and sport premium reporting template.  We are part of two partnerships to increase Physical Activity for all children.

A diverse weekly programme will be provided which suits the needs of all pupils. Out of school hours learning takes place both after school, and at lunchtime. All out of school learning opportunities are developed in consultation with pupils and the programme will:

  • Provide a balance of competitive and non-competitive activities through intra and inter school events
  • Provide specific movement/general physical activity clubs, which develop health and fitness.
  • Ensure that every pupil is offered the opportunity to attend a minimum of one activity each week (Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2)
  • Ensure that the school regularly participates in SSP and County-wide events which promote competitive opportunities and physical activity.

To ensure the quality and sustainability of the enrichment programme, the school will:

  • Employ a range of auxiliary qualified and experienced coaching staff and implement quality assurance through the link teacher/subject leader involved in the SSP programme.

Ensure that the link teacher/subject leader takes responsibility for forging strong local community club links (club coaches visit school / pupils attend club taster days / clubs advertised on notice-board)